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What is a Cataract?

One of the main reasons people make an appointment with their Miami eye doctor before their annual check up time is because they think they are developing cataracts. Cataracts are actually quite common, and many people develop them as they start to get older. They are commonly identified by a clouding over the pupil in the eyes; the clouding is caused by a buildup of protein that eventually becomes too thick for a person to see through. While getting prescription glasses from a Miami optometrist can help someone deal with the initial symptoms for some time, surgery will likely be inevitable. However, cataract surgery is quick, painless, and extremely successful in restoring a patient’s sight.

The Various Known Cataracts

One of the main questions people with this condition will have for their eye doctors in Miami is just how cataracts are formed. There are actually several types of cataracts, and they can be formed by many different things.

● A nuclear cataract usually begins forming at the center of the eye’s natural lens. This type of cataract is most commonly associated with age.

● A subcapsular cataract is one that forms in the back of the eye’s natural lens, and it’s most commonly caused because someone is taking a lot of steroid-type drugs, or because they have diabetes.

● A cortical cataract is one that forms at the edge of the eye’s natural lens, and then begins to work its way to the center of the pupil.

Cataract Treatments

If your eye doctor in Miami has already diagnosed you with cataracts, then you need to discuss your situation with them thoroughly. Your cataracts may not cause any type of vision impairment, but they could in the future. It can take cataracts some time to develop to the point where they are actually impeding someone’s vision, but it’s best to be aware of all options now so you can be prepared in the future. For those with severe cataracts that drastically impact their vision, getting them removed surgically is the best option. The eye’s natural lens can be removed and replaced with a synthetic one, and it’s quick and easy to do. Other than the surgery, prescription glasses can help reduce the effects of the cataracts, such as blurriness and night glares.